Written by Tara Boustany on
February 3, 2022
Reading Time: 6 minutes

Medically Reviewed by our Medical Affairs Team

Written by Tara Boustany on:

Have you been diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis? Do you feel like you can’t focus on anything? Are you having trouble remembering things? If so, then you may be experiencing MS brain fog.

Brain fog is a common symptom of Multiple Sclerosis, and it can affect your ability to think clearly and concentrate, and even cause other severe cognitive problems.

In this blog post, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and remedies for brain fog MS. We will also provide tips for how to manage this condition.

So, if you are looking for information about brain fog and MS, you have come to the right place. Let’s get started.

What exactly is MS brain fog?

MS mental fog, also called MS fog or cog fog, is a common symptom of Multiple Sclerosis, and it can affect your ability to think clearly and concentrate.

The Multiple Sclerosis fog causes you to feel like you are in a mental haze or that you have trouble remembering things.

When brain fog MS occurs, it may be hard for people with MS to focus on their tasks at hand, such as reading, writing, driving, or even speaking.

These MS symptoms for cog fog can be especially troubling for those who have just been diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis and do not yet understand what is happening in their minds, especially the MS symptoms brought by certain cognitive problems. 

What causes MS brain fog?

Your brain fog may be caused by a number of things, such as lesions on the brain or severe damage to the central nervous system.

MS lesions are abnormal areas on your brain that are often caused by Multiple Sclerosis. These lesions can disrupt the signals between your brain and body, leading to cognitive symptoms such as brain fog MS.

The damage to your central nervous system may also cause Multiple Sclerosis mental confusion. Your central nervous system is responsible for sending signals throughout your body.

If Multiple Sclerosis damages this system, it can cause cognitive problems, such as MS symptoms for mental confusion or brain fog.

What are the symptoms of brain fog MS?

Multiple Sclerosis mental cloudiness may cause a range of symptoms, such as difficulty concentrating, poor memory recall, and inability to focus on tasks at hand (such as reading or writing).

Brain fog MS may also cause you to feel like you have lost your train of thought and are unable to remember what was just said.

You might experience Multiple Sclerosis mental confusion as well, which is when words seem jumbled up in your head, or they don’t make sense at all. 

MS mental confusion can be very frustrating for people with MS because they may not understand what is going on around them.

Brain Fog and MS: Diagnosis

MS may be diagnosed with brain fog if the patient has other Multiple Sclerosis symptoms and there is no other underlying medical condition that could cause the brain fog or other cognitive problems.

To diagnose MS symptoms of mental confusion, your doctor will perform a physical examination to check for signs of Multiple Sclerosis, such as tingling sensations in one or more limbs (called numbness and tingling).

They will also ask you about your Multiple Sclerosis symptoms and any changes in your mental state.

Your doctor may order an MRI scan to look for lesions on your brain that could be causing the cog fog. 

How is brain fog MS treated?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the treatment for brain fog will vary from person to person.

However, there are a few things that you can do to help manage your Multiple Sclerosis mental confusion.

Some of these strategies include:

  • Taking breaks throughout the day to relax and rejuvenate your mind.
  • Writing down important tasks or ideas that come up, so they don’t get lost in Multiple Sclerosis fog.
  • Asking friends and family members for help with your mental clarity and other tasks.
  • Taking a break from social media or other distractions that may cause MS mental confusion.
  • Getting plenty of sleep at night to rest your brain.
  • Exercising regularly and eating a healthy diet in order to maintain mental clarity and focus on tasks at hand.

Brain Fog MS Remedies: Managing Your Mental Cloudiness

The best way to manage your Multiple Sclerosis brain fog is to be proactive and understand what may be causing it.

If you can identify the triggers for your mental confusion, you can take steps to avoid them or manage them better.

Some things that may help include:

  • Staying organized and keeping a planner to keep on top of your tasks.
  • Using a label maker or highlighters to help you remember important information.
  • Making a list of things you need to do each day and crossing them off as you go.
  • Putting sticky notes around your house or office to remind you of things.
  • Meditating or practicing mindfulness regularly to calm your mind.
  • Listening to music or reading books that stimulate your mind.
  • Talking with friends and family about your cog fog and how it affects you personally so that they can help support you through difficult times too.
  • Taking breaks throughout the day for relaxation, exercise, or just getting outside in nature. 

MS Fog: Lifestyle Changes that Can Help Manage Your Mental Cloudiness

Brain fog in Multiple Sclerosis can be frustrating and overwhelming, but there are ways to manage it and improve your cognitive function.

By understanding the cognitive symptoms of MS mental confusion and how it affects you, you can make lifestyle changes to help lessen the impact.

Some things that may help include:

Exercise Regularly

The National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS) recommends that people with MS keep an exercise routine for their physical wellbeing and brain health.

Regular physical exercise not only helps your body stay healthy, but it can also help clear your mind and focus on the tasks at hand. 

While Multiple Sclerosis might hinder you from exercising like you used to, still try to schedule at least 30 minutes of exercise each day, whether it’s a walk around your neighborhood, stretching, simple yoga poses, or any progressive strength training.

Maintain a Healthy Diet

The National Multiple Sclerosis Society highly recommends that people with MS maintain a healthy diet—it is essential for everyone, but it’s especially crucial when you’re struggling with cognitive fog.

Make sure to include plenty of fruits and vegetables in your diet, as well as lean protein and healthy fats to not only improve your physical strength but also brain health.

Avoid processed foods, sugary drinks, and caffeine if they make Multiple Sclerosis mental confusion worse for you.

Get Enough Sleep

The National Multiple Sclerosis Society Getting enough sleep is crucial for your overall health and can help improve your brain function, especially your focus and clarity during the day.

Aim to get at least eight hours of sleep each night and establish a regular sleep schedule.

Take Breaks Throughout the Day

Brain fog MS can be overwhelming, so it’s important to take breaks throughout the day to rejuvenate your mind and improve your cognitive function.

This could mean taking a walk outside, reading, listening to music, or spending time with friends and family.

Just be sure to avoid Multiple Sclerosis fog triggers like social media and TV that can aggravate your cog fog.

Talk with Your Doctor

If MS brain fog is interfering with your daily life, talk to your doctor about ways to manage it and improve your cognitive function.

They may recommend counseling, therapy, or medication if necessary, or they may suggest other lifestyle changes that might help. 

You can also talk to your Multiple Sclerosis neurologist if you’re having trouble with MS-related cognitive problems like memory loss and loss of focus. 

They can help you determine if mental cloudiness is something that needs further investigation or treatment.

What other cognitive problems happen in Multiple Sclerosis and why?

Memory loss is a common cognitive problem that happens in people with MS.

It’s not just short-term memory either; people with MS can have trouble remembering things from the past as well.

Some possible causes of Multiple Sclerosis memory loss are:

  • A decrease in blood flow to your brain due to inflammation or damage caused by Multiple Sclerosis.
  • Changes in your brain cells, especially those that help with memory.

The side effects of your Multiple Sclerosis medications may also cause cognitive problems when you try to recall information from past events or experiences (this is often called retrograde amnesia). 

Many people with MS also experience MS-related forgetfulness and confusion.

These cognitive symptoms are often caused by Multiple Sclerosis lesions on the frontal lobe of your brain, which is responsible for controlling your thinking and emotional processes.

What causes cognitive problems in Multiple Sclerosis patients?

MS fog is a cognitive problem that affects many people with MS.

It’s basically a mental haze or cloudiness that makes it difficult to focus, think clearly, and remember things.

The cog fog can be caused by:

The disease process itself

MS lesions on the brain can interrupt the flow of information, which can lead to Multiple Sclerosis fog. 

Inflammation in the brain and spinal cord may also contribute to cog fog if you have MS.

The physical and cognitive symptoms like fatigue and pain can make your cog fog worse, too. 

MS treatment side effects

Some medications used to treat Multiple Sclerosis can cause MS fog as a side effect. This is especially true for people who take steroids or immunomodulatory drugs.  

Psychosocial factors

Living with MS can be very stressful, and stress can contribute to cog fog and other cognitive problems, such as memory loss.

Depression and anxiety are also common in people with MS, and either of these mental health conditions can aggravate cognitive problems. 

The Bottom Line

MS fog can make it difficult to think clearly and focus on tasks.

It’s a common cognitive problem among people with MS, but there are ways to manage the mental cloudiness. 

If brain fog is impacting your daily life, talk to your doctor about ways to lessen its effects and improve your cognitive function.

If you want to learn more about brain fog and how to clear it effectively, check out these educational articles and feel free to join this online community of brain health professionals and enthusiasts.

Join The Mental Health Community You've Been Dreaming Of


This discord family is a safe place where we can all (anonymously if we choose) talk about and seek help for what is going on in our heads.

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